Cast & Crew
U.S. Army captain A. R. Kingsley disappears in an African jungle while on a confidential assignment to discover the source of the ngoma plant, which yields a remarkable fiber ideal for many war uses. Later, Jungle Jim wrestles a crocodile in a river to reach the body of a pygmy and finds Kingsley's dogtags and a rope made from ngoma fibers in the pygmy's charm bag. Having launched a search for Kingsley, an Army expedition meets Jim in the jungle. While Jim and the major heading the expedition talk together in the office of trader Leon Marko, Marko eavesdrops on the conversation. Jim is surprised to learn that Kingsley, an expert in the field of tropical plants, is a woman. Jim tells the major that a native cult called the Bush Devils is thought to be active in the area. A short time later, when a Bush Devil arrow is shot into the expedition's camp, Jim investigates and discovers the print of a boot, leading him to suspect that the Bush Devils are actually white men. Marko, who, unknown to Jim, is a foreign agent and is also searching for the ngoma plant, does his best to stop the expedition. Elsewhere in the jungle, a tribe of pygmies guarding the whereabouts of the ngoma plant, have offered protection to Kingsley. Realizing the strategic importance of the plant, Kingsley asks the pygmies to help her reach a city. Together with Makuba, the pygmy chief, Kingsley hides on a makeshift island made of branches and floats down the river. From their hiding place, Kingsley and Makuba spot Marko's boat, and not realizing his true identity, climb aboard. Marko shoots at them, but they jump overboard. Attracted by the shots, Jim witnesses their struggle and swims to their aid. Once reunited with the soldiers, Kingsley divulges the presence of a Bush Devil mask on Marko's boat. Now convinced that Marko is an enemy agent, Jim, Kingsley and Makuba go after him ahead of the soldiers. They eliminate some of Marko's men, but others are able to warn Marko, who sets up an ambush for Jim. Makuba travels ahead through the trees, and his warning enables Jim to evade the ambush. When the soldiers arrive at the swamp in which the ngoma plants grow, however, Marko's men are waiting and engage them in battle. Jim is captured and used as a hostage, while the pygmies hurry to his aid. Jim is freed, and Marko's men are defeated. Although the plants have been destroyed by Marko, the pygmies agree to grow more for the United States.
Trading in his loincloth for a set of jungle khakis, Weissmuller stepped into the part of Jungle Jim (1948) for a total of sixteen feature films and a one season small screen spinoff produced by Columbia's television arm, Screen Gems. Unlike his deals with MGM and RKO, which were flat rate buy-outs that paid him well but stiffed him on back end profits, Weissmuller was guaranteed a percentage by Columbia, as well as residuals for future TV sales, and a measure of creative control. Even more importantly, after sixteen years of near nakedness, he got to wear clothes. Pygmy Island (1950) was the fifth film in the series and depicted the search for an elusive and indestructible jungle fiber with infinite wartime applications by both the United States Army and foreign agents posing as white traders. (In his first outing, Jungle Jim had opposed greedy opportunist George Reeves, himself on the cusp of the role of his lifetime as TV's Superman.)
The direction of Pygmy Island was entrusted to William Berke, who had overseen the series beginning with Jungle Jim. Berke got his start in the film business as an office boy before graduating to supporting roles as an actor in western shorts for Vitagraph as William Lester. He eventually graduated to writing screenplays, mostly oaters, for Universal (during which time he worked often with rising talent William Wyler) before forming his own production company in 1933. In the course of a very busy twenty-five year career as a director-for-hire (during which time he signed his work alternatively as William Hall and Lester Williams), Berke turned his hand to a number of film series and focused on such disparate folk heroes as Dick Tracy and Flash the Wonder Dog. Berke would stay with the Jungle Jim series through six installments, ceding the canvas chair to Lew Landers for Jungle Manhunt (1951) and continuing to helm both television (The Goldbergs, The Gene Autry Show, Annie Oakley) and the occasional second feature, many of them (FBI Girl , Cop Hater , The Mugger ) crime films.
Producer Sam Katzman and director Berke clustered around their star player a winning supporting cast for Pygmy Island, boasting an assortment of familiar faces. Though she is squarely on the side of the angels (and Uncle Sam) in Pygmy Island, leading lady Ann Savage would in later years attain the status of pop culture icon for having played the bipolar femme fatale of Edgar G. Ulmer's pinchpenny film noir classic Detour (1945). Third-billed David Bruce would experience his own form of cinematic immortality (though posthumously), celebrated by younger generations of classic monster fans as Universal's The Mad Ghoul (1943). On hand throughout Pygmy Island in smaller roles - both figuratively and literally - are Tristram Coffin (bullet-headed hero of Republic's King of the Rocket Men, 1949) and midget actors Billy Curtis (The Terror of Tiny Town , Hitchcock's Saboteur ), Billy Barty (Bride of Frankenstein , The Day of the Locust , and Angelo Rossitto (Freaks , Mad Max Beyond Thunderdome ) as the eponymous aboriginals.
Producer: Sam Katzman
Director: William Berke
Writer: Carroll Young
Cinematography: Ira H. Morgan
Editor: Jerome Thoms
Art Direction: Paul Palmentola
Cast: Johnny Weissmuller (Jungle Jim Bradley), Ann Savage (Cpt. Ann R. Kingsley), David Bruce (Maj. Bolton), Steven Geray (Leon Marko), William Tannen (Kruger), Tristram Coffin (Novak), Billy Curtis (Makuba), Billy Barty (Kimba), Angelo Rossitto (Pygmy in Cave), Tommy Farrell (Captain), Selmer Jackson (Pentagon Officer), John George (Pygmy in Rescue Party).
by Richard Harland Smith
Tarzan, My Father by Johnny Weissmuller, Jr., with William Reed and W. Craig Reed (ECW Press, 2008)
Alex Raymond: His Life and Art by Tom Roberts, with Alex Raymond (Adventure House, 2008)
The film's title card reads: Johnny Weissmuller as Jungle Jim in Pygmy Island. According to contemporary news items, between 40 and 65 dwarf actors were hired to play pygmies in the film. For more information on the "Jungle Jim" series, for Jungle Jim and consult the Series Index.