The first part of the film depicts a member of the Bontoc Igorot tribe in the Philippines killing a sentry from a neighboring tribe and bringing his head back in order to earn the right to marry a woman from his tribe. The resulting marriage ceremony, described as a "dog feast" in one review, and the return of a head to the tribe of the victim, as ordered by the government, are also shown. Other scenes depicted in the film's two parts include: a peace meeting of formerly hostile tribes, including a dance of peace; an examination of rice cultivation in the Philippines; and a documentation of the societal changes wrought by American control of the Philippines, including vocational and athletic training, education and the introduction of Christian marriage.
The film was divided into two six reel parts, the first called The Head Hunters, the second variously called From Savages to Civilization and From Savages to Citizens in different ads. The two parts appear to have been exhibited separately. Ads for the film bear the logo "Worcester's Philippine Pictures." It is unclear if the film was made by an American company. Dean C. Worcester was the former Secretary of the Interior of the Philippines.